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Wednesday, May 5, 2010

narrative text

Karina Rizqa Fadhlillah (F12108009)

Class A/Reg A

Narrative Text (Moral Value)

Grandmother Story: CRYSTAL BALL

In the south of Spain, there was a small village whose people were very joyful and lucky. The children played under the shade of trees in the gardens of their home. A shepherd boy whose name was Nasir, stayed near the village with his father, mother and grandmother. Early morning each day, he takes his herd of goats up the hills to find a suitable place for them to graze. In the afternoon he would return with them to the village. At night his grandmother would tell him a story. The story of stars. This story really interested Nasir. As usual, on one of these days, as Nasir was watching his herd and playing his flute he suddenly saw a wonderful light behind the flower bush. When he came towards the branches he saw a transparent and most beautiful crystal ball.

The crystal ball was glittering like a colorful rainbow. Nasir carefully took it in his hand and turned it around. With surprise suddenly he heard a weak voice coming from the crystal ball. It said; "You can make a wish that your heart desires and I will fulfill it." Nasir could not believe that he had actually heard a voice. But he became so engrossed in his thoughts for he had so many wishes but he must wish for something which was impossible like the wish to be able to fly. He said to himself, if I wait till tomorrow I will remember many things. He put the crystal ball in a bag and gathered the herd, happily returned back to the village. He decided that he would not tell anyone about the crystal ball. On the following day also, Nasir could not decide what to wish for, because he really had everything he needed.

The days passed as usual, and Nasir appeared to be very cheerful that the people around him were amazed to see his cheerful disposition. One day a boy followed Nasir and his herd and hid behind a tree. Nasir as usual sat in one corner, took out the crystal ball and for a few moments looked at it. The boy waited for the moment when Nasir would go to sleep. Then he took the crystal ball and ran away. When he arrived in the village, he called all the people and showed them the crystal ball. The citizens of that village took the crystal ball in their hand and turned it around with surprise. Suddenly they heard a voice from inside the crystal ball, which says, "I can fulfill your wish." One person took the ball and screamed, "I want one bag full of gold." Another took the ball and said loudly, "I want two chest full of jewelry."

Some of them wished that they would have their own palace with grand door made from pure gold instead of their old houses. Some also wished for bags full of jewelry, but nobody asked for gardens in their palaces. All their wishes were fulfilled but still the citizen of the village were not happy. They were jealous because the person that had a palace had no gold and the person that had the gold had no palace. For this reason, the citizens of the village were angry and were not speaking to each other. There was not even one garden which existed in the village where the children could play. The patience of the children was running out and they were uncomfortable. Nasir and his family were happy and pleased. Every morning and afternoon he would play the flute.

The children could not wait anymore and decided to return the crystal ball to Nasir. The parents and neighbours went to him. The children said to Nasir; "When we had a small village we all were happy and joyful." The parent also spoke. In one way or another nobody is happy. The expensive palaces and jewelry only bring us pain. When Nasir saw that the people were really regretful, he said I have not wished till now, if you really want everything to return to its own place, then I will wish for it. Everyone happily agreed. Nasir took the crystal ball in his hand turned around and wished that the village become the same as it was before. Everyone quickly turned towards the village and saw it became the same old village with gardens full of trees and fruits. Once again the people started to live happily and the children played under the shade of trees. From the next day and everyday at sunset the sound of Nasir's flute could be heard in the village.

Source :

The Moral Value:

The Crystal Ball is a meaningful story. Based on this story there are some morals that is expressed indirectly or implied. The first lesson is about greediness. Do not be a greedy person. If you are greedy, it means that you will not feel satisfied. Then, it will bring you in unhappiness life. The second lesson is about wealth. By possessing a lot of wealth will not give you the true enrichment. But, the true enrichment is the enrichment of the soul. And the last lesson in this story is be a diligent person like Nasir did. If you do, you will get something that beyond in your imagination. So, God will appreciate what you have done. In brief, this story invites the reader to become more grateful what you have got.

report text

Report Text

Descriptive Report (text structure)


* Write a general statement

* It should give an outline of the aspects of the topic that you will

* write about in the report

Body Description

Aspect 1

* describe one aspect of your topic

* each paragraph should begin with a topic sentence

Aspect 2

* describe one aspect of your topic

* each paragraph should begin with a topic sentence

Aspect 3 and so on

* describe one aspect of your topic

* each paragraph should begin with a topic sentence


This final paragraph sums up your topic.

A report presents information about a subject

Text Structure

* Opening Statement

* Lead in sentence to state the topic and capture interest

* May include a short description of the subject

* May include definition

* May include classification or categorization of types

* Paragraphs

* Each paragraph is about a different aspect of the subject

* Begins with the topic or a preview sentence

* Focus is on facts not opinion

* Conclusion

* Summarizes the information presented

* Does not include any new information

Language features (grammar)

* Using general nouns (elephants, snakes, etc) technical terms

* Formal and impersonal language (avoiding first and second pronun like I, you, instead using third pronoun like it, they)

* Uses timeless, present tense. Eg: Adelaide is popular with international students

* Many “being” and “having” verbs

Example of report text:


Australia is home to 25 of the world’s 30 monitor lizard species. In Australia, monitor lizards are called goannas.

Goannas have flattish bodies, long tails and strong jaws. They are the only lizards with forked tongues, like a snake. Their necks are long and may have loose folds of skin beneath them. Their legs are long and strong, with sharp claws on their feet. Many goannas have stripes, spots and other markings that help to camouflage them. The largest species can grow to more than two meters in length.

All goannas are daytime hunters. They run, climb and swim well. Goannas hunt small mammals, birds and other reptiles. They also eat dead animals. Smaller goannas eat insects, spiders and worms.

Male goannas fight with each other in the breeding season. Females lay between two and twelve eggs.

Real English Lesson 24b - "Job" for beginners-CC Double

Past Perfect and Simple Past

Present Continuous

The Present Continuous is used :

● To talk about continuous activities :
1) at the time of speaking :
- I am reading this page now.
2) around now,
in a more general sense :
- I am learning English this year

To talk about planned future arrangements :
- Next month I am spending my holidays in Australia.
I have already booked my flight.

- Our neighbours are coming to dinner tomorrow.
They have accepted our invitation.

Present Continuous Tense
(example : to play)




Long Form

Contracted Form

I am playing I am not playing I'm not playing Am I playing?
You are playing You are not playing You're not playing Are you playing?
He/she/it is playing He/she/it is not playing He/she/it's not playing Is he/she/it playing?
We are playing We are not playing We aren't playing Are we playing?
You are playing You are not playing You're not playing Are you playing?
They are playing They are not playing They aren't playing Are they playing?

Past Simple Tense

Past Simple Tense
(example : to play)

The Past Simple tense of regular verbs is formed by adding -ed to the infinitive :
(example: Infinitive : to play Past Simple : I played.)

The auxiliary did is used to form the negative and interrogative forms.

For irregular verbs, please see the irregular verbs table.




Long Form

Contracted Form

I played I did not play I didn't play Did I play?
You played You did not play You didn't play Did you play?
He/she/it played He/she/it did not play He/she/it didn't play Did he/she/it play?
We played We did not play We didn't play Did we play?
You played You did not play You didn't play Did you play?
They played They did not play They didn't play Did they play?

The Past Simple is used to talk about finished actions in a finished period of time.

example :
Yesterday evening, I played tennis with a friend.
In 2005, I started taking tennis lessons.
When I was at school, I hated history.
Five minutes ago, I finished the report for my boss.
Last week I attended a meeting in Tokyo.

Using the Future Tense in Conversation - English Grammar

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